The Bureau of Education was established in 1945, and is the highest educational authority in Kaohsiung. Its current director is Ms. Fan Sun-Lu. The department has 14 divisions and 295 staffs, and its mission is to oversee high schools, vocational high schools, junior high schools, elementary schools, social and physical studies and military education. Additionally, it is also responsible for evaluating and guiding schools and social education institutions of all levels. Mr. Chin-Yan Wang has placed a lot of emphasis on educational reform, computer education, evaluation and guidance of schools.
Senior High School Education
There are currently 6 national senior high schools with 8,526 students in 228 classes; 19 public schools (ten are high schools with both junior and senior high schools) with 23,840 students in 633 classes and 9 private schools with 12,316 students in 291 classes.
The purpose of senior high school education is to cultivate students with academic potential. The curricula feature independent thinking and academic training. Senior high schools in Kaohsiung City stress balanced regional development and strengthen and advance community-based academic learning functions of all schools. Key measures include: to facilitate multiple-college-entrance projects for senior and vocational high schools students; to promote Entrance without Examination - Happy Learning Projects for junior high schools students; to advocate international education; to develop basic science education; to reinforce discipline and counseling task.
Vocational High School Education
There are 3 national vocational high schools with a total of 7,008 students in 193 classes; 5 public vocational high schools, which are categorized into 3 specialized areas: industry, business, and home economics, with a total of 11,028 students in 291 classes. In addition, there are a total of 10 private vocational high schools, categorized into 4 areas – industry, business, home economics, and arts with a total of 31,097 students from 685classes.
Vocational education emphasizes the acquisition of technical skills and certificates, and learning through theory and practice to upgrade students’ technical competence and enable them to have excellent performance in craftsmanship contests and certificate examinations. Key measures include: to build up educational partnership; to advocate craftsmanship education; to strengthen career development education; to encourage students to participate in craftsmanship contests and technological skill tests to acquire occupational certificates; to promote industry-academic hand-in-hand collaborative programs; to facilitate adaptive education for senior and vocational high schools to homogenize community education resource.
Junior High School Education
There are 2 national junior high schools (both are affiliated to senior high schools) with 961 students in 29 classes; 88 public junior high schools (including 10 schools affiliated to senior high schools) with a total number of 206,885 students from 3,228 classes, and10 private schools that have 3,792 students from 102 classes in total.
The aim of junior high school education is to cultivate mentally and physically sound citizens, with an equally emphasis on helping students to enter senior high schools and have an understanding of occupations. Since students in the adolescence are heterogeneous in aptitude, ability, interest, and mental and physical development, in addition, due to the swift transition of society as long as the diversification and complication of the whole environment, students’ learning and studying processes are severely impacted. Junior high school education should therefore emphasize the guidance of teenagers and adaptive education by teaching students according to their individual aptitudes to fully develop their potential, build up confidence, and affirm themselves. Key measures include: to advance normalized teaching; to upgrade teaching effect; to conduct hand-in-hand collaborative programs; to put into effect remedial learning programs; to uphold and to enhance teachers’ teaching ability, creative teaching and curriculum reform; to advocate friendly campus; to develop science education; to cultivate local education and homeland sense and affection; to organize innovative competition of magic ideas; to implement students’ counseling and guidance; to promote marine education; to improve the learning environment and to enrich teaching equipment.
Elementary School Education
There are currently 1 national elementary school with 195 students in 6 classes; 241 public elementary schools (including 1 school affiliated to junior high school), consisting of 170,860 students from 6,082 classes (physical talent education classes and special needs classes are not included), and 4 private elementary schools (all affiliated to senior high schools) totaling 719 students from 35 classes.
The educational development of elementary schools in Kaohsiung focuses on building up a friendly learning environment, promoting innovative instruction, enriching learning contents, applying multiple assessments, and encouraging the cooperation between parents and teachers so as to address students’ individual differences, help them develop sound character, and emphasize the nature of education. Key measures include: to promote local education; to support learning of the disadvantaged students; to consolidate teachers’ counseling and guidance system; to encourage teachers’ professional growth; to advocate reading education; to construct friendly campus; to establish quality school environment; to facilitate English education; to elaborate science education; to promote quality teaching; to reinforce adaptive learning.
There are currently 191 public kindergartens and 180 private kindergartens, with 25,967 students in total. In order to provide a better environment for children, in the expansion of quantity, in addition to assisting actively registration and class-augmentation of kindergartens, we are committed to improving school equipment with government subsidies, preparing preschool education tuition subsidies to lessen parents’ financial burdens, taking care of disadvantaged groups, adding preschool programs to achieve the goal of equal opportunities in education for Kaohsiung residents. In the enhancement of quality, we are also committed to the inspection and assistance of kindergartens’ environment security, conducting in-service training, and workshops to upgrade teachers’ expertise. To meet the contemporary trends and needs for sound development of preschool children both physically and mentally, we take important measures as follows: to ensure preschool welfare policy; to enrich preschool teaching equipment and facilities; to reinforce the counseling and guidance of the kindergarten teaching administration; to consolidate the public security inspection of kindergarten; to inspect and assist non-registered preschool institutionls; to organize guidance programs for kindergartens; to hold preschool in-service training and workshop; to take care of physically and mentally disadvantaged preschool children; to conduct actively the pre-task preparation of the integration of kindergarten and child-care centers.
Special education in Kaohsiung aims to help physically and mentally challenged and gifted students to receive individualized adaptive education, to stimulate individual potential and to develop independent living skills. For the education of mentally and physically challenged students, in addition to four special schools, there are special classes in senior highschools, junior high schools and elementary schools for the mentally, hearing, and physically challenged. Furthermore, in junior high schools and elementary schools, resource programs are provided for the speech challenged, the emotionally disturbed, the hearing challenged, autistic students and students with non-categorized disabilities. There are also counseling programs for students who are sight challenged, hearing challenged, emotional and behavior disturbed, and bedridden as well as home schooling programs. In addition, preschool special education classes are set up in public kindergartens. Resource classes are provided in senior high schools or vocational high schools to meet the needs of special education students. As for gifted education, resource programs are set up for gifted students of general subjects in junior high schools and elementary schools and art programs in all levels of schools are set up for talented students in areas of music, arts, dance, etc. Important measures taken this year include: to construct professional institutes for special education; to consolidate contents of reports on the development of special education; to ensure non-reject policy in special education; to advocate adaptive learning project in special education; to take good care of the education right for students both mentally and physically challenged; to set up supporting network for special education; to establish supporting systems for teachers of special education; to hold regularly evaluation of special education; to promote continuously creativity education.
Due to the merge of Kaohsiung City and its Kaohsiung county, Educational Technologicaly Division is set up. In accordance with the white paper of information education issued by Ministry of Education, the white paper of Kaohsiung City policy, Action Kaohsiung, E-Kaohsiung (Kaohsiung, City of Intelligence), we advocate gradually city's information education among all schools to benefit citizens, faculty members and students, and elevate education quality; we are committed to continuing the modification of the white paper of information education projects from Ministry of Education in the future, to develop continually city information education. Key measures include: to enrich soft/hard ware Infrastructure of information education; to construct video equipment for non-distance communication; to continue the integration of personnel and materials in information education; to consolidate school students’ and teachers’ information cultivation; to conduct experimental projects of the integration of information within education; to promote information paradigms and feature school projects; to execute projects for shortening digital gap and to conduct programs of digital opportunities.
Social education is overarching and rich in variety, containing from regular school education to all the other educational plans and activities. It includes family education, parental education, women education, senior education, education and/or activities of art and language, and cram schools of all levels, citizen learning centers, community colleges, adult continuing education, new immigrant’s literacy education, short-term private tutoring, education of traffic safety, and educational activities held on the basis of special features or functions by social educational institutes, and education foundation; services are provided to children, teenagers, adults, seniors, and the new immigrants regardless of their educational level, social status, age or gender differences. The teaching methods and fields are diverse. Key measures of adult and family education in the city are as follows: to arrange adult fundamental learning classes to reduce illiteracy rate, to promote life-long learning and establish community colleges, citizen learning centers that provide diverse continuing education channels, to promote senior education, and assist with the senior activation, to process learning activities for new immigrant and to promote diverse education, to assist the solid development of short-term cram schools, to promote art education, and to train art and culture talents, to advance traffic safety education and to ensure students’ commuting safety, to provide citizens with opportunities of live speeches made by prestigious maestros, to direct various family education activities, to organize serial activities of new immigrants’ family education, to direct serial activities of volunteer training on family education, to operate Night Angel Illumination Program, to conduct preventions of domestic violence, sexual assault and sexual harassment, to promote children and adolescent protection and to put into effect activities of the Commission on Women's Rights Promotion.